The expert committee, constituted on the orders of the
Kerala High Court to study the ill-effects of ground water
extraction by the Coca-Cola plant at Plachimada in Palakkad
district during the non-monsoon season has recommended
that the extraction of ground water by the company should
be restricted on the basis of annual rainfall.
committee, headed by the executive director of Centre
for Water Resources Development and Management, Kunnamangalam,
Kozhikode. prepared its interim report, on the basis of
the analysis of all available information pertaining to
the study area and additional data generated under the
present study during the first three months of the one-year
rainfall data recorded at the rain gauge station at Chitturpuzha
in Chittoor block, where the factory is located, shows
that the rainfall during the monsoon season (June-November)
in both 2002 and 2004 has been much less than the mean
value, that is, less than minus 30 per cent.
to the committee, the deficiency in the rainfall in two
successive years could be the most significant factor
that has contributed to the acute scarcity of water experienced
in Chittur block.
committee had observed that the unregulated withdrawal
of ground water from the wells within the factory complex
and outside even during a water-deficient period had aggravated
the water scarcity. The Central Ground Water Board has
assessed the available annual ground water resource in
Chittur block as 66.7 million cubic metres (MCM). The
committed annual ground water draft that needs to be preserved
to meet the water requirements of both domestic and irrigation
sectors till 2025 AD is 62.5 MCM.
normal rainfall conditions, the planned ground water withdrawal
of five-lakh litre a day by the company will not adversely
affect the available ground water in and around the factory